Maria Isabel Pavon
National Institute of Agricultural Sciences - Cuba
The MSc. Maria Isabel Pavon received her engineering degree at the University Hermanos Saiz of Pinar del Rio and her Master's degree at the Agricultural University of Havana in 2009. She worked as a specialist and head of production at the Integral Forestal Sierra Maestra in the Santiago de Cuba province from 1990 to 2006. She continued her professional career as assistant representative of Agriculture until 2010. Currently she is a researcher at the National Institute of Agricultural Sciences, where she works on international projects of innovation and research. Her main research interests focuses on agricultural extension and climate change. In recent years, her research has been framed in the perception of farmers on the consequences of climate change and the study of adaptation and mitigation of impacts of climate change. She took graduate courses in sustainable agroforestry systems. she has been a consultant on climate change in Cuba.
Summary of lecture
CONFRONTATION STRATEGIES TO THE EFFECTS OF THE CLIMATE CHANGE IN TWO CUBAN CITRUS SCENARIOS
Pérez-Hernández MC¹, Almenares-GarloboGR2 & Pavón-Rosales MI¹.
¹Instituto Nacional de Ciencias Agrícolas (INCA), San José de las Lajas, Mayabeque, Cuba; ²Instituto de Investigaciones en Fruticultura Tropical (IIFT), Playa, La Habana, Cuba.
The following work shows the main effects of the climate change in the production of citrus in Cuba. The objective was to reduce the impacts caused by the climate change by means of actions of adaptation and mitigation, contributing to the sustainable socio-economic development of the citrus agro-ecosystems. Two types of scenarios were selected: integral properties of fruit-bearing and citrus plantations in monoculture, where it was carried out a diagnosis. The quick deterioration of the citrus production was identified as the main problem. There are several causes such as: the occurrence of extreme events, the variability of the hydric regime and the increase of the minimal air temperature, causing changes in the patterns of physiologic behavior of the crop, the incidence of high impact pests, the reduction of planted areas and production, among others. Starting from the identified problems, strategies of adaptation and mitigation were designed for both scenarios that respond to the confrontation program to the climate change in Cuba and to the sectorial strategies for the citrus cultivation.