Research Institute on Tropical Fruit Culture - Cuba
Dr. Guillermo Rafael Almenares Garlobo graduated in Agronomy in 1992. He received his Master in Vegetable Production in 1997 from the University of Granma, Cuba and its PhD in Agricultural Sciences in 2013. His main areas of research have been related to the citrus industry, mostly pre-harvest physiology, with emphasis on reproductive growth, hormonal regulation of vegetative growth, flowering and fruit set, management practices and climate effects. He is professor of physiology on postgraduate courses at two universities. He is a consultant of research projects on climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies. He has conducted citrus research and production centers: Citrus Experiment Station (1995-2000), a Citrus Company (2001-2008) and is currently the General Director of the Research Institute on Tropical Fruit Culture in Cuba
Summary of lecture
CUBAN CITRICULTURE AND THE CLIMATE CHANGE. MITIGATION AND ADAPTATION
Betancourt-Grandal, M¹, García-Álvarez ME¹, Aranguren-González M¹, Álvarez-Brito A², Peralta-Martín A¹, Reyes-Rivas N¹ & Almenares-Garlobo G¹. ¹ Instituto de Investigaciones en Fruticultura Tropical. Ave. 7ma. No. 3005 e/ 30 y 32, Miramar, Playa, La Habana, Cuba; ²Instituto de Investigaciones Agro-Forestales. Playa, La Habana, Cuba.
In Cuba, since more than four decades citrus constitute the main fruit crop of the country, which is vulnerable to the effects of climate change. This review discusses how citrus culture can contribute to mitigation of climate change effects by means of the removal of Greenhouse Gases (GHG) emissions, the effect of climate variations on yield formation and its management, as well as the projection of climate scenarios to 2050. The results showed that citrus have the capacity to remove atmospheric CO2, which can be used in the environmental service as GHG sinks. In addition, temperatures and precipitation levels affect flowering, fruit set, and its equatorial diameter at the time of collection and final production. It was identified the need for proper management of irrigation and flowering inductors in citrus for adaptation of this crop to the effects of climate change according to projections by the A2 model scenarios.