Prairie View A&M University - USA
Dr. Fares is currently leading the research program of the College of Agriculture and Human Sciences (CAHS) at Prairie View A&M University (PVAMU), and a Professor of Water Security. Prior to his current appointment, Dr. Fares was a Professor of Watershed Hydrology at the University of Hawaii-Manoa (UH-Manoa). He also chaired the Graduate Program of the Natural Resources and Environmental Management Department at the University of Hawaii-Manoa and served on its Graduate Committee. Dr. Fares has been involved in studying how to solve contemporary natural resource use problems and assisting in sound decision making for optimizing land use and managing natural resources. Irrigation management, flood and drought prediction and mitigation, climate change impact on crop water use, water allocation, and water security are the major areas of expertise of Dr. Fares.
Dr. Fares has been a successful scientist, educator, and administrator. He developed, tested, and used different water management models. One of these models he developed is IWREDSS, which is currently used by the State of Hawaii’s Commission on Water Management for water allocation across the state. He has received over $13 Million dollars to fund his academic program from state and federal agencies including, NIFA, EPA, NOAA and USAID. He is the Editor of the Advances in Water Security Book Series with Springer. He published more than 100 publications in peer reviewed journals and books. He received several awards including Excellence in Multistate Research Award of the Western Association of Agricultural Experiment Station Directors Excellence and the Excellence in Multistate Research Award from the Experiment Station Committee on Organization and Policy (ESCOP), the Association of Public and Land-Grant Universities (APLU).
Dr. Fares contributed to shape best management practices for citrus in Florida, wastewater management in South Australia, and contributed to restricting production units in Tunisia. He has been serving on several regional, national, and international committees in charge of several academic related assignments, e.g. Outlook on Water Security, Diversity in Land Grant Institutions Leadership.
Dr. Fares hosted more than 6 international professors, mentored more than 8 post-doctoral fellows, and advised 19 PhD & M.S students. He also severed on more than 22 student graduate committees. He has been/organized several international soil moisture conferences and workshops. He severed on editorial boards of several international journals; currently, he is the Editor of the newly established Advances in Water Security Book Series with Springer. Dr. Fares has been consulting for several private companies on different natural resource management issues especially water quantity and quality management issues.
Dr. Fares received his doctorate and Master of Science Degrees in Hydrologic Science and Agronomy/Computer Sciences from the University of Florida, respectively. His Bachelor of Science degree in Horticultural Engineering from the College of Horticultural Engineering of Sousse, Tunisia.
Summary of lecture
Current Status and Upcoming Challenges for Citrus Water Management in an Every Changing Environment: A Global Overview.
Most of the challenges facing the citrus industry (drought, flood, pests, and nutrition) are not new; however, their magnitude, frequency, and spread require a prompt, collective and integrated approach to maintain the viability of the global citrus industry. Such an approach should focus on understanding the causes of the challenges and their driving forces in order to implement short-term mitigation measures and long-term viable adap tation strategies.
This talk covers:
1. some of the major water management challenges facing the citrus industry;
- Overview of the effect of some extreme events mainly floods and droughts on citrus production in some major citrus production areas, e.g. California, South Australia, and Brazil.
- Challenge of irrigation water quality (e.g., salinity) especially in semi-arid climate, (South Australia, Mediterranean region, California, and Texas) on the citrus industry.
- Effect of serious pests and diseases such as citrus greening, on citrus water management (Florida and Brazil).
- Regulations related to minimizing negative impacts of grove operations on water quality and the environment (most production areas especially production area with coarse soil texture, e.g. Florida).
2. It also gives some pertinent solutions to them.
- Understanding climate variabilities and change on water resources especially on rainfall frequency and magnitude and also on evapotranspiration potential.
- Improving irrigation efficiency and water management
- Alternative water sources, e.g. reclaimed water
- Use drought tolerant scion cultivars and rootstocks.
- Other measures
3. It also suggests some potential research and management questions from the citrus industry that the research communities should address. The topics will include the following:
- Testing different mitigation measures in the area of irrigation efficiency
- Developing new drought tolerant cultivars
- Physiological response of citrus trees to elevated CO2 levels and higher temperatures
4. A Case Study: Will Citrus use more of less water as a result of climate change: A Summary of a modeling exercise of the major citrus production areas (Mediterranean region, Florida/California, and Brazil) will be presented.